Understanding the Two Covenants of Abraham-Part 2

Understanding the Two Covenants of AbrahamWe continue our study on “Understanding the two covenants of Abraham” – God starts by telling Abram He will establish between God and Abram a covenant and multiply him exceedingly. But is this the Abrahamic Covenant?

Genesis 17:2-4 (NKJV)

And I will make My covenant between Me and you, and will multiply you exceedingly.” Then Abram fell on his face, and God talked with him, saying: “As for Me, behold, My covenant is with you, and you shall be a father of many (multitude of) nations.

Now if you are paying close attention to the text you probably noticed something curious in this passage.  God starts by telling Abram He will establish between God and Abram a covenant and multiply him exceedingly. At first glance, if you are familiar with Abrams story, you may have assumed this is the same covenant from earlier in Abrams story beginning in chapter 12. The one God announced in chapter 12, the one God confirmed in chapter 15 and echoed the whole way through. The one that had that ritual, the one that promises he will have many descendants. But when you look closely at the language it isn’t the same covenant. It speaks of a different covenant. First, the language is in the future tense. Not just in English, it is also in the future tense in Hebrew.  He says I WILL establish something with you. So this is something yet to happen. Continue reading